“Knowing others is intelligence; knowing yourself is true wisdom.” -Laozi
Nirvana is variously translated as “non-attachment,” “not-being” or literally “blowing out” (as of a candle). Nirvana can be described as “unborn, unoriginated, uncreated, and unformed” and transcending any sensory experience. It is an eternal and unchanging state of not-being and so the ultimate freedom from the suffering of existence, as postulated by Siddharta Gautama (Buddha), is caused by desire: namely craving for sensual pleasures and attachment to worldly possessions and power. Using the Eightfold Path to Nirvana (illustrated below), suffering can be ended by detaching oneself from craving and attachment.
-Adapted from The Philosophy Book (Big Ideas Simply Explained)
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